The Boteti is a magnet for thirsty wildlife. This is the river that the Okavango swamp drains into, as it meanders towards the Kalahari, before drying up. The Boteti forms the Western boundary of the Makgadikgadi Pans National Park. Everything East of the river is “Kalahari” grasslands and eventually, salt pans.
What happens here is one of Botswana’s great (and least advertised perhaps) wildlife spectacles. A lack of water in the interior of the park means that tens of thousands of zebra and wilderbeest make the Boteti River their dry season range. This is when you need to be here!
We organise camping safaris to the Boteti River, mostly between June and the end of October, locating our mobile camp in the Khumaga area. This is when the thirsty congregations are at their most numerous. If you want to visit this park in the “wet season” (so from November to April) then we would locate our camp out on the grasslands in the East of the park.
The salt pans and the seasons
During the rainy season (November to March), the salt-saturated clay pans fill with rain water, and the grasses at the edge grow sweet and lush. This attracts thousands of zebra and wildebeest during their annual migration. To be sure of seeing this “migration,” it would be best to locate a mobile camp on the Eastern side of the Makgadikgadi Pans National Park (MPNP) during these months. This is where the zebra should be, however their movements vary year-to-year and month-to-month depending on the amount of rain. Once the rains are over and the water in the pans has dried up, the migration heads West, back to the Boteti River. The number of zebra on the Boteti usually reaches a peak between June and October. This is when we would recommend a mobile camp in the West of the MPNP
The arrival of the rains (November – March) can make the salt pans almost inaccessible, but we can mostly access our private campsites all year. An influx of incredible birdlife, blooming flowers and a general explosion of life accompanies the rain in these desert ecosystems. The dry season (May – October) brings changes, but we still know where and how to unearth the secrets of the salt pans.
Viewing the Zebra Migration on the Boteti
The main attraction of the river in the dry season, is the zebra. Our private campsites are located close to their favourite drinking spots – we therefore often spend the whole day out in the safari vehicle, taking a picnic lunch with us, to observe the big herds. This is because it is a case of “the hotter the better” – the zebra drink in the heat of the day and so there is no point being in camp!
Boteti River Experiences
- Small park with great private campsites
- Often underrated, surprisingly productive
- Large desert elephants can be seen here
- Resident pride of lions
- There are resident rhinos here
- Zebra migration arrives about April /May / June and departs around November
- Exploration mobile safaris through the pans from the Boteti River
- Witness endless herds of zebra drinking
- Good location to combine with salt pan adventures